Malaria: In 2016, an estimated 216 million cases of malaria occurred worldwide resulting in approximately 445,000 deaths. Fifteen countries accounted for 80% of global malaria deaths in 2016; all of these countries are in sub-Saharan Africa, except for India. The word ‘malaria’ comes from Italian and literally translates to ‘bad air’ as the disease was associated with swampy areas where the air smelled bad. (